How are Indigo Print Sarees Manufactured?Rajasthan Fabric
We all love to wear indigo print saree as they look stylish and beautiful. Indigo sarees are so comfortable and simple to wear. These characteristics have made it a FAD among the people these days. But we will talk about something more interesting and magical about these sarees, that is, the manufacturing process of indigo sarees. The beauty of turning green leaves into that rich indigo dye is magical. Indigo dyeing is a very ancient process and has been used for ages now.
Process of Manufacturing Indigo Print Saree
Prepare the indigo dye
The species of indigo plant from which the dye is extracted is called Indigofera tinctoria. In absence of these plants, dyers use synthetic indigo dye which has the same chemical composition as the natural indigo dye. To extract the dye from the harvested leaves, they are put into a fermentation tank with an enzyme called indimuslin. This enzyme helps hydrolyze the leaves and releases a chemical (indoxyl) into the liquid. This process takes several hours to complete. After that, they use paddles to mix this liquid with air and that leads to its oxidation into a pigment. The pigment gets collected on the bottom of the vessel used in the form of sludge. Then sludge is quickly heated to stop any further fermentation and is dried to form a paste or powder. This paste or powder is the dye that is used to dye clothes.
The next step is to dye the saree
Dyeing any fabric using indigo can be complicated because the paste of powder of dyeing doesn’t stick onto the clothes. So to get that dark and rich hue, the fabric is washed and soaked for a few hours as this helps make the dye penetrate better. After that, an indigo stock solution is prepared and the fabric is dipped into that solution. Indigo works better after oxidation, so initially, the color will be light, and when it is left to dry it darkens with time. If you ever visit our indigo saree manufacturing unit, and you can see the color of the fabric turn darker in front of your eyes like magic. This whole process of dipping the fabric in the solution and drying is repeated several times to get that dark and long-lasting color.
Natural Dye vs Artificial Dye
So, that was the process of manufacturing natural indigo sarees; many manufacturers also use synthetic indigo colors to dye the sarees. The main difference between using natural dye and artificial dye is sustainability. Natural dye is derived from plants and synthetic and it is more sustainable and good for the environment. Another difference between both the dyes is that natural indigo dye produces various shades of indigo sarees, it depends on how many times the saree was dipped or how the dye reacted or oxidized. All the different shades of indigo that we buy look amazing. The synthetic dye helps get a uniform indigo color that helps when a lot of sarees are to be manufactured in the same shade in bulks. We think that this whole process looks beautiful, the same as the indigo saree. so if you get a chance to see the process of manufacturing indigo sarees then we request you to see the process or try it by yourself. After the sarees dyed, they are printed using different methods.